The current situation:
The Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorism Financing Law No. 46 of 2007 regulates all aspects related to fighting the crime of money laundering and terrorism financing and punishing its perpetrators. In accordance with the law, the Anti-Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing Unit was established as an independent unit, linked to the Governor of the Central Bank of Jordan, and specializes in receiving notifications related to any suspected operations related to money laundering or financing terrorism.
The Unit has the right to exchange information with international counterpart units on the condition of reciprocity, and that this information is used only for purposes related to fight money laundering and terrorism financing. With the condition of obtaining the approval of the counterpart unit that provided that information and the unit has the ability to conclude memoranda of understanding with counterpart units to organize cooperation in this regard.
Adding that the unit is a member in the EGMONT group since 2012 and has commented and participated in many papers issued by the group.
Along with many procedures done on the national level to fight money laundering, there are the following:
-National assessment of the risks of money laundering and terrorism financing according to the methodology of the International Monetary Fund by 30 national stakeholders, including the private sector participated in the process of conducting the national assessment of the risks of money laundering and terrorism financing and provided information by answering the prepared questionnaires, and attending the workshops held for the purposes of analyzing the results.
-According to the mentioned assessment, a national strategy has been prepared to fight money laundering and terrorism financing for the years 2019-2021, which aims to help reduce the risks of money laundering and terrorism financing in Jordan and to enhance the efforts made by all sides to combat these two crimes.
As for the most prominent efforts made in the field of strengthening the relationship between the unit and the private sector in the field of exchanging information related to notifications about operations suspected of being linked to money laundering or terrorist financing:
1.The Unit provides feedback to the reporting parties;
2.Development of an online system to notify about suspects linked to money laundering and terrorism financing of the unit go (AML);
3.Guiding manual to fight money laundry and terrorism financing for banks, exchange companies and payment service providers in Jordan;
4.The Unit participates in numerous meetings, conferences and training workshops held for the private sector. It also provides presentations for the purposes of capacity building and awareness raising in the field of fighting money laundering and terrorism financing.
The Unit publishes its annual reports on its website, which includes the activities of the unit at the national, regional and international levels, and statistics on reporting and reports received by the Unit about operations suspected of being linked to money laundering and terrorism financing.
In addition, the Asset Recovery and Anti-Money Laundering Department at JIACC coordinates with the authority concerned to implement the national strategy to fight money laundering and terrorism financing.
- Establish stronger partnerships between governments, regulators, law enforcement, financial intelligence units and the business sector to discover and prevent the flow of illicit funds and enable the private sector to act as a more effective first line.
2.Encourage all authorities and institutions, wherever applicable law permits, to improve the exchange of information between law enforcement authorities, financial information units, regulators and banks, and within and between participants from the private sector, both at the local level and across borders.
3.Effective implementation of the global standards of the Financial Action Task Force to combat money laundering and anti-terrorist financing, and support the work of the Financial Action Team to address barriers to information exchange between jurisdictions and within each financial group.
4.In the non-financial professional services sector, it is proposed to effectively regulate and oversee the legal, accounting, real estate and corporate services sectors and support the promotion of global industry best practices in these sectors to support the full and consistent implementation of FATF standards worldwide.
- Cooperate, share experiences and work with governments and other stakeholders to help prevent corrupt funds from reaching legitimate investment and real estate markets. And working with the private sector to eradicate corrupt people who facilitate corruption or collude with them and to deny them the opportunity to carry out professional activities in the future.
In this context, it should be noted that the national legislation does not give the money-laundering unit the authority to share its information with the private sector in accordance with the provisions of the Anti-Money Laundering and Funding Act in force. in the event of an investigative case in order to preserve the confidentiality of information and the investigation, and despite that, the unit can in This framework – and according to the requirements of international standards and best practices in particular – sharing strategic analysis reports, patterns, trends, and indicators related to money laundering and terrorist financing and providing feedback on the quality of notifications of suspicious operations and their fate and awareness And training for the private sector in the area of combating money laundering and terrorist financing and the dangers of these two crimes, which all fall within the establishment of effective partnerships between the public and private sectors, according to the papers issued by the FATF Group and the Egmont Group (Public Private Partnership).